Hawking was born on January 8,1942 in Oxford,England,and moved to St.Albans in 1950.He joined the University of Oxford in 1959.He completed his degree in physics at Oxford University in 1962 and moved to Cambridge University to pursue his graduate studies.Hawking was diagnosed with motor neuron disease in 1963.He was admitted to the University of Cambridge as a researcher at the University of Cambridge and Gainesville in 1965.His research showed that the mathematical equations used to explain the collapse of the black hole could be explained by A point begins to swell in the universe.He was married to Jane Wilde,the eldest son of Robert,in 1967.In 1969 he was promoted to a Distinguished Achievement in Science at the Gonville and Keith College,and in 1970,Hawking studied the characteristics of the black hole.He predicted that the radiation from the black hole (now known as Hawking radiation) and the surface area of the black hole will never be reduced.The same year his daughter,Lucy,was born,and he began using the wheelchair that year,and in 1973 his first book,"Large Structures of Space Time,"was published,and he was elected a member of the Royal Society in 1974.He continued to prove that the black hole Hawking was awarded the Order of Edinburgh of the Royal Astronomical Society of London in 1975-1976,the 11th Medal of the Vatican Pope's Science Society,the Hopkins Prize,The United States Denny Heinemann Award,Maxwell Award and the Royal Society of Hughes Medal of six awards in 1977 he was appointed professor of gravity physics at Cambridge University in 1978 by the world's highest award of theoretical physics research EinsteinIn 1979.His second son Timothy was born in 1979.His "General Theory of Relativity: Commemorating the Centenary of Einstein"was published in 1980.He served as Professor of Mathematics,Cambridge University,Lucas in 1981,he participated in the Vatican Cosmology Conference,Announced the concept of borderless and published "super-space and super-gravity."The same year he was awarded the British Empire High Knight.1985 he fell ill in Switzerland,the implementation of tracheostomy surgery to lose their language skills,with a computer with a sound generator.In 1988 he published "A Brief History of Time",won the Wolf Foundation Award,become the most popular book on quantum physics and relativity.In 1989 he was awarded the honorary jazz of the British Empire in 1990.He married 25 years in the wife of Jane Wilde divorce.1991 his "time history"the movie of the same name.In 1993 the black hole and the baby universe "And other papers."He was married to his nurse Elaine Mason on September 16,1995.He continued to work at the University of Cambridge since 1996,and in October 20xx,his masterpiece "Universe "published in July 20xx,Hawking amended his original"black hole paradox "point of view wrong,information should be conserved.In 20xx,Hawking came to China for the third time,he still brought his latest research on cosmology,the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Gymnasium hosted a speech entitled "the origin of the universe";in the Great Hall of the people to Beijing "The Origins of the Universe."In 20xx,Hawking and Luigi Goffold co-author of the children's science fiction "George to the secret key to the universe"on September 6,the first published in France.This book is Hawking's first children's book,Hawking in the book to explain their children on the time and cosmic aspects of the doctrine.20xx August 12,he was awarded the Medal of Freedom.
Second,Stephen William Hawking's research areas:
Stephen Hawking has been working on the basic laws of the universe,focusing on black holes.Hawking's object is the universe,but he was never interested in observing astronomy,only a few telescopes observed.Compared with the traditional methods of experimentation and observation,Hawking's method is intuitive.
Along with Roger Penrose,he found that Einstein's general theory of relativity implied that space and time began at the Big Bang and ended at the end of the black hole.These results suggest that it is necessary to combine general relativity with quantum theory,another scientific development in the first half of the twentieth century.One consequence of the combination he discovered was that the black hole should not be completely black,the black hole radiating outwards,eventually evaporating and disappearing.Another conjecture is that the universe has no edge in the time of imagination,it is infinite.This will mean that the way the universe is formed is entirely determined by the laws of science.
At the same time he is also committed to theoretical physics,together with Penrose to prove the famous singularity theorem,he also proved the black hole area theorem.
Third,Stephen William Hawking Main achievements: In 1989 he received the honorary title of the British Jazz,became the Royal Society and the United States Academy of Sciences foreign academician;received the London Astronomical Society Edin Dayton Medal;Vatican Pope's Science Society of the 11th Medal;Johns Hopkins Award;the United States Daniou Heinemann Award;Maxwell Award;the Royal Society of Hughes Medal;in 1978 by the physical world's most prestigious awards - Albert Einstein Award;Rose won the 1988 Wolf Physics Award in 1988;Hawking book "A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to the Black Hole"won the Wolf Foundation Award;in 1962 he graduated in Oxford,Cambridge graduate;1965 In 1973 he was appointed a professor of gravity physics of Cambridge University;in 1979 he was appointed to the University of Cambridge;in 1974,he was appointed the University of Cambridge professor of physics of gravity;In 1988 he published "A brief history of time: from the big bang to the black hole"and won the Wolf Fund (the University of Cambridge),Professor of the University of Cambridge,Professor of mathematics;in 1981 he participated in the Vatican cosmology conference,announced the concept of borderless,Award;in 1989 was awarded the British Empire Honorary Jazz;August 12,20xx,was awarded the Medal of Freedom
Fourth,Stephen William Hawking's scientific contribution:
In 1973,he considered the quantum effect near the black hole and found that the black hole would emit radiation like a blackbody whose radiation temperature was inversely proportional to the mass of the black hole,so that the black hole would become smaller and smaller as the radiation,High,it ended in the last minute of the explosion.The discovery of black hole radiation has a very basic meaning,it will gravitational,quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics together.2,after 1974,his research turned to quantum gravity theory.It is proposed that there is no pure state in the quantum gravity,and the causality is destroyed.Therefore,the unknowability is raised from classical statistical physics and quantum statistical physics to the third level of quantum gravity.
3.After 1980,his interest turned to quantum cosmology.
4,July 20xx,Hawking amended his original "black hole paradox"point of view,information should be conserved.5,he also proved the black hole area theorem,that is,with the increase of time black hole area is not reduced.It is natural to associate the area of the black hole with the entropy of the thermodynamics.
6,he proposed the Big Bang from the singularity of the beginning,the time from the moment,the black hole will eventually evaporate,in the unity of the 20th century,the two basic physics theory - Einstein's theory of relativity and Planck's quantum theory out An important step.
7,November 1973,Hawking officially announced to the world,black holes continue to radiate X-ray,gamma ray,which is the famous "Hawking radiation"
8,from the singularity of the Big Bang to the black hole radiation mechanism,Hawking on the development of quantum cosmology made an outstanding contribution.He also wrote many famous theories,such as:
"A Brief History of Time"is a popular book about the nature of time and the forefront of the universe.It is the most important classics of contemporary scientific thought on the universe.It changes the concept of the universe.Is the undisputed authority of cosmology,it is a sincere and sincere form of private interviews,described Professor Hawking's life history and research work,to show a huge theoretical framework behind the real human.The Hawking Lecture - Black Hole,Infant Cosmos,and others "discusses virtual space,the birth of a baby universe caused by a black hole,and the efforts of scientists to seek a complete unification theory,and to free will,life values and human survival and evolutionary principles Made a unique insight.
"Shell in the universe"is Professor Hawking following the "brief history of time"after the most important works.He explained in plain language to remind us of the universe fully unfolded imagination,and with his unique enthusiasm,invites us to start an extraordinary journey of time and space.
"George opened the secret key to the universe"is Stephen Hawking's "children"period "popular science trilogy"one of the book on the black hole and many parts are outlined Hawking's new ideas,the book at home and abroad Rave reviews.
5,Stephen William Hawking's charisma:
Hawking's charm is not only because he is a legendary physical genius,but also because he is a compelling life strong.His constant search for the scientific spirit and courageous tenacious personality strength deeply attracted every one know him.He was nearly paralyzed and unable to pronounce,but in 1988 he published "A Brief History of Time,"which has sold more than 25 million copies,making it one of the world's best-selling popular science books.
He was hailed as "the greatest scientist alive,""another Einstein,""a strong life of the letter,""dare to challenge the fate of the people."
Hawking is one of the great men of this century with an international reputation,the most important contemporary general relativity and cosmologists.The most important contemporary general relativity and cosmologist,is one of today's great international reputation,known as the world's greatest scientists,also known as the "king of the universe".Although he was suffering from Lu Gai Lei's disease (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis),confined to a wheelchair for 40 years,he was physically disabled,
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To overcome the cripple and become the international physics supernova.He went beyond the theory of relativity,quantum mechanics,the big bang theory into the creation of the universe "geometry dance".His thoughts are excellent to travel to the vast space-time,unlock the mystery of the universe.He suffered ordinary people can not bear the pain,but also created ordinary people can not create a miracle.I admire him,his tenacity,his insistence is worth learning!
I also like the reporter that Hawking is too much to lose his life,a moment can not leave the wheelchair,and the body is only three with the fingers active,the exchange is also extremely difficult.Fate is unfair to Hawking.But Hawking's answer made me very surprised.Hawking with his a grateful heart,touched everyone.He replied: "My fingers can move,my big brain can think.I have the ideal of life,I love and love my family and friends.Yes,I have a grateful heart` `` `` ``
He confronted his fate,he did not feel lost a lot.But feel that they still have many.
I read very moved,after the tremor in the mind.I also thought for a long time.Suddenly,my brain flashed a text of the sea: the most important thing is to have a soul,to have thought,the most important thing is to have a grateful heart.As long as a person has these,he is not useless people.A person with these,he is not useless people.A person has these,is owned,is happy,is the happiness of the `` `` ``
Hawking,a terminally ill person,he can use the optimistic attitude to look at life,fate.With a grateful heart to treat people and things around.And we,a normal person,can not do it?
No,no.As long as I have a grateful Yan,is a brain thinking,we can make their own lofty.There is a saying well: "People are not necessarily great,but they can make their own noble.
I admire Hawking,he used an ordinary person can not imagine the perseverance and gratitude of the heart to overcome the disease.His constant quest for the spirit of impressed me.
The life of the strong,scientific master,I will always be admired,is my goal.
2,recently,we on the "wheelchair Hawking"article,after reading the text,I have been touched by the story of Hawking that shocked.
Hawking in the United Kingdom at the age of 21 suffering from Lu Gale's disease,soon to be long-term imprisonment in a wheelchair.But he insisted on fighting for the cause of science to contribute.Once again at the academic report,Hawking once again to his charisma and the scientific spirit of seeking to move all the people: my fingers can be activities,my fingers can think;I have a lifelong pursuit of the ideal,I love and Love my family and friends;Yes,I have a grateful heart ""
Yes ah,if I was the Hawking,I will think: fate is too cruel to me,so I lost too much.Hawking replied with a smile of this passage,in my mind deeply engraved.He not only does not complain about the fate of his injustice,but thanks to fate left him a finger.
Fate does not fall down a person,will only make people strong,and Hawking is such a person.He faced various hardships of life and not pessimistic retreat,he defeated himself,defeated the life,become a strong life.Even face more of the failure,but also to move forward,struggle in the end.Looking back at the past,a retreat on the difficulties to shrink,hesitated.Once,because the application did not understand a solution to the mother inadvertently said the sentence: "really a stupid."And there is no confidence in their own.
I admire Hawking,admire him no matter how much difficulty encountered,are constantly to pursue,so as to achieve success.The life of the strong,scientific master,I will always be the most admired people,is my goal!
3,"he sat in a wheelchair for 40 years,the body only three fingers move,however,he wrote the scientific book"A Brief History of Time "in the world has numerous readers"""Whenever read this passage,I can not help but praise Hawking - you are really a person who is stubborn!
Hawking's fate is very rough.Shortly after graduating from Cambridge,he was paralyzed by Lugaré's disease,and in 1985 Hawking was deprived of his ability to speak.""Although fate was unfair to Hawking,he was unimaginable in this unthinkable Hard to become a scientific giant,was elected to the youngest member of the Royal Society,became a big scientist like Newton to become one of the Lucason Professor of Mathematics!He continued to explore the scientific spirit and courageous tenacious personality strength deeply touched me.
After reading this text,I deeply sentiment: Hawking,although disabled,but his thinking is not disabled,he brought us knowledge,give us strength!Hawking is in the disease anytime,anywhere can take away his life,there is no pessimistic back,with amazing perseverance and courageous tenacious personality to face up to fate,tirelessly explore the mysteries of the universe,a strong and strong young people are Can not complete the exploration of cosmology,not to mention the sick Hawking!This is the Hawking spirit!
I must learn from Hawking,study hard every day,the future will become the pillar of the country,add luster to the motherland for the country,for the community to make greater contributions to the construction of the great motherland more prosperous and strong!
Of course,I have always liked Stephen Hawking,like his book,today saw Benedict played Hawking,I know I must cry,I simmering,the last moment or not hold back,tears out of the eyes.With regard to Hawking's success,to the scientific community,how much significance of human,I Needless to say,on his love of science,life does not give up the spirit of how worthy of our admiration,I do not need to say,so I want to Another angle to talk about,I see "Hawking"feeling.I would like to say in particular that,apart from Hawking itself,behind the support of his people,gave him what effect,I think this is the film you want to express one of the themes.
First,talk about his parents,especially his mother.Some people say that this is the British,they can survive anything.In his parents had just learned that Hawking had failed to save the sick,but two years,I thought his parents would like our ordinary parents,like holding crying,but the plot here deeply shocked me,he Parents' dialogue is this:
Father: When he was young he asked me where the stars came from,and I told him I did not know,but do not worry,I'll ask people to ask,...But until now,I did not give him an answer,But he was so eager to know the answer.Mother: (She is not as fragile as the average woman,she is very calm and said) You never a sentimental person,and if you become sentimental I can not accept.How long can he live?
Father: Up to two years.
Mother: (shocking scene) you have to support him!We must support him!We must carry on,and now he's going back to Cambridge and going back to his life.So his father was the mother of encouragement,immediately restored the fighting spirit,accompanied his son drove to Cambridge.
The second time in Hawking serious condition,even the doctors told him that the hospital has no way to do anything for you,the doctors have to give up Hawking,Hawking very discouraged,this time,but also his greatParents once again firmly supported him.Is still his mother,firm on his father said: We must support him!We can not give him up!
So his father and his son went to the front,facing almost self-giving son yelled: I have not given up your (I have not washed my hands on you)!Hear no,you must stick to it!
So,in the success of Hawking on the road to his parents credit,when his father was Hawking instructor informed,Hawking completed a following Einstein after the very great cause of the time,his father's eyes flash With light,I was deeply moved.
The second to say is Hawking's mentor.
The first time when Hawking was enrolled,his father asked the mentor to give him an easy task to complete within two years (before his death),but the instructor refused.He said he must treat science and students equally.,Respect for the facts,can not give Hawking special.Such a strict requirement,which led to Hawking even in the last of life did not give up - of course,although we all feel that he can only live for two years,but the fact that his strong live to the present.
His mentor has been a constant cosmology supporters,once Hawking in front of other teachers face criticism of others doctrine,attitude is very rebellious,so the teacher called to talk.Hawking that the mentor and his disagreement because of their exclusion,did not expect the mentor actually said such a passage:
My father is a...factory boss,he wants me to inherit his factory,when I told him I want to do physicist when he was very angry,he said that unless I won a scholarship or he will not give me a penny,He thought I could not do,but I did......the way in science,you will be surrounded by countless voices to tell you that this is you can not do.This is why I choose to become a teacher,I will not leave because of disagreement to stop my students do he want to do any research!Do it,do only belong to you,your original things,you want to do!
This passage deeply shocked me,science needs the spirit of seeking truth from facts,even in the scientific community,fame,exclusion of alien things are many,and the mentor has a great conscience,without him,no The conversation,Hawking will not dare to think so.